LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)

Lidar is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflected light with a sensor. Differences in laser return times and wavelengths can then be used to make digital 3-D representations of the target.

Extra reading:

Lidar – Wikipedia

Why LiDAR is important for autonomous vehicle?

Papers:

An Overview of Lidar Imaging Systems for Autonomous Vehicles

Video:

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